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Timeline
 
Western Date
 
Period
 
Japanese Gardens
 
Other Events in Japan
 
Events Outside Japan
10000 B.C. Jomon 
(c.10000 - c.300 B.C.)
     
300 B.C.   Wet rice agriculture developed  
200 B.C. Yayoi (300 B.C. - A.D. 300)   Bronze and iron tools 
Wheel-thrown pottery
 
100 B.C.     Bronze bells (dôtaku)  
-----        
200 A.D.        
300 A.D. Kofun (300 - 552)   Haniwa figures 
Burial mounds constructed 
Yamato-kuni, clan system(uji) 
Imperial line probably emerges
 
400 A.D.        
500 A.D. Asuka (552 - 710)   558 Buddhism introduced 
574-622 Shotoku-taishi regent 
 
 
600 A.D.     645-649 Taika Reforms  
700 A.D. Nara (710 - 794) Chinese garden art introduced to Japan via Buddhism 701 Taiho Codex 
712 Kojiki completed 
729 Nihonshoki completed 
741 kokubunji established 
749 Manyoshu completed 
Development of shinden architecture 
 
 
 
800 A.D. Heian (794 - 1185) Morohajinja, Kyoto 774-835 Kukai (founder of Shingon sect) 
(development of kana)
 
900 A.D.     942-1017 Genshin (advanced Jodo 'Pure Land' sect)  
1000 A.D.   1053 Byodoin, Fushimi c. 1000 Genji monogatari 
Sakuteiki
 
1100 A.D.   1117 Motsuji, Hiraizumi 
1130 Hokongoin, Kyoto 
1150 Joruridera, Kyoto 

1180 Daijoin, Nara

1133-1212 Honen-shonin; founds Jodo school (1175) 
1147-1199 Minamoto no Yoritomo; first shogun (1192) 
1173-1262 Shinran Shonin; founds Jodo-shinshu
 
1200 A.D. Kamakura (1185 - 1392)  

1264-1287 Nanzenin, Kyoto

1200-1253 Dogen Zenshi; transmits Zen sect 
1222-1282 Nichiren; founds Hokkeshu sect 
Development of castle towns 
1274-1281 Mongol invasion of Kyushu
 
1300 A.D.   1327 Zuisenji, Kamakura 
1339 Saihoji, Kyoto 
1339 Tenryuji, Kyoto 
 

1394 Rokuonji (Kinkakuji), Kyoto

1275-1351 Muso Soseki (Kokushi);Zen priest and garden designer; 
Sumi-e ink painting 
1358-1408 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu; shogun, arts patron 
1378 Shogunate moves to Muromachi 

Shoin architecture developed

 
1400 A.D. Muromachi/Ashikaga (1392 - 1573)  

1482 Jishoji (Ginkakuji), Kyoto 
1499 Ryoanji, Kyoto

1436-1490 Ashikaga Yoshimasa 

Senzui narabi ni yagyo no zu (garden text) 
1467-1477 Onin Wars
1491 Shinjuan

 
1500 A.D. Momoyama (1573 - 1603) 1509-1513 Daisenin, Kyoto 
Ryogenin, Kyoto 
Joeiji, Yamaguchi prefecture 

Nanshuji, Sakai-shi 
1598 Sanboin, Kyoto

1521 Sen no Rikyu born; tea-master 
1534-1582 Oda Nobunaga 
1536-1598 Toyotomi Hideyoshi 
mid-1500's tea culture development 
1542-1616 Tokugawa Ieyasu 
1549 Francisco de Xavier; missionary arrives 
1590 Hideyoshi reunites islands, bringing peace 
1592-1595 Hideyoshi invades Korea
 
1600 A.D. Tokugawa/Edo (1603 - 1868) 1601-1623 Nijojo Castle, Kyoto 
Fushinan, Omote Senke, Kyoto 
1615 Katsurarikyu, Kyoto 
1628 Nanzenji, Kyoto 
1629 Konchiin, Kyoto 
1632 Hamarikyu, Kyoto 
1632-1641 Suizenji, Kumamoto 
1633 Sento Gosho, Kyoto 
1636 Daitokuji, Kyoto 
Shisendo, Kyoto 
1648 Ura Senke, Kyoto 
1652 Shugakuin, Kyoto 
1656 Manshuin, Kyoto 
1660 Isoen, Kagoshima 
1674 Chishakuin 
1673-1681 Entsuji, Kyoto
1680 Honenin, Kyoto
1690 Ninnaji, Kyoto
1579-1647 Kobori Enshu; tea master, garden designer 
1603 Ieyasu moves shogunate to Edo 
1615 Most casles destroyed 
1617 Yoshiwara entertainment quarters established 

machiya architecture developed 
Kabuki theatre 
Bunraku puppet theatre 
Ukiyo-e woodblock prints 
Iemoto system developed 

1657 Edo destroyed by fire 
 

 
1700 A.D.   1700 Ritsurin Koen, Takamatsu 
1702-1716 Rikugien, Tokyo 
Shinjuan, Kyoto 
Kohoan, Kyoto 
1751-1772 Hirayama Soyo, Chiran
   
1800 A.D. Meiji (1868 - 1911) 1800 Shigaki, Okinawa 
1841-1842 Kairakuen, Mito (Ibaraki) 
 
 
 Many stroll gardens converted to public parks. (c. 1870-1890) 
1895 Murinan
1895-1914 Heian Jingu, Kyoto
1858 Commodore Perry forces commercial ports open 
1862 Embassy sent to Europe 
1867 Tokugawa shogunate falls 
1868 Meiji Restoration 
1889 Meiji Constitution 
1894-1895 Sino-Japanese war
 
1900 A.D. Taisho  (1912 - 1925) 
Showa (1926 - 1988) 
Heisei (1989 - Present)
1915 Meiji Jingu, Tokyo 

1938 Tofukuji, Kyoto 

1961 Gyokudo Bijutsukan, Ome 
1961 Zuihoin, Kyoto 
1967 Tenrikyo, Tokyo 
1970 Keio Plaza Hotel, Kyoto 
1977 Soseien, Kurume (Fukuoka)

1904-1905 Russo-Japanese war 
1912 Great Kanto earthquake 
1914 Japan enters WW I 
1937 Manchuria invaded 
1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor 
1945 Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki; Capitulation follows 
1951 Peace Treaty signed
 
2000 A.D.        



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